Friday, 13 January 2012

PrimeFaces 3 on non CSS3 compliant browsers

PrimeFaces 3

PrimeFaces 3, final release at the beginning of this year, is using CSS3 features to have some nice features and functionality.  And although there is a fair amount of CSS3 in the latest versions of the browser, also in IE9, their are a lot of people that uses a browser which isn’t capable of handling these nice things like rounded corners.
And for most of the widgets, like input field, it is no problem for the end user that he doesn’t have a rounded corner.  But for some, like a radio button, it is confusing that the user sees a rectangular shape instead of the, for him familiar, circle.
As an example, go to the showcase of PrimeFaces and look how the radio buttons are displayed.  Do you see a circle, then you have a CSS3 compliant (at least for the rounded corners feature) browser.  For those that have Internet Explorer 9, they can see how it is displayed for users having IE7 or IE8.  Go to the developers tools (or press F12) and select there the option ‘Browser mode: IE7’. The radio buttons become squared and I can understand the reaction of the end user that filed an issue on my last project.

Find a solution

On the internet, there are plenty solutions that provide you the possibility to have something like rounded corners in Internet Explorer 8 or older. You can split them up in 2 groups.


Here you have to include a JavaScript on your page and in the windows.onload function you have to pass the id’s of the elements that you like to decorate with a rounded corner. The problem with this approach, in combination with PrimeFaces, is that the DOM elements that are responsible for the presentation don’t contain an id attribute.  (Yes, there isn’t any input tag for the radio button so that it can be made styleable)

<div class="ui-radiobutton-box ui-widget ui-corner-all ui-radiobutton-relative ui-state-default">
   <span class="ui-radiobutton-icon"></span>


The other solution is based on Vector Markup Language (or VML in short), a specification of Microsoft and others that lost the battle against SVG.  However, it was integrated in some of Microsoft products, like the browser.  With VML, it is possible to have rounded corners and a good site where everything is explained, with the inevitable pitfalls, is here.

So I added the script and updated the css file of the project to include the property behaviour in the style classes .ui-radiobutton .ui-radiobutton-box.  It worked like a charm on my computer (emulating IE7 with the help of the developer tools) and on a lot of the computers of other testers. But on another machine it crashed IE completely. Since it isn’t a reliable solution for a public website, I had to find something else.

Adapt skinning

Since PrimeFaces is using themes, there had to be a solution to fix the problem that way.  If I can just place the image of radio button on the area where the user expects it, there couldn’t be any problem like the VML not supported or browser incompatibilities.

And after trying a few scenarios, I’m not a css expert you know, I came to a solution which is quit simple.  I even didn’t need two images, one for the selected and one for the deselected situation.  This is what I added to the css file of the project.

.ui-radiobutton-box {
    background: url("../javax.faces.resource/radio_button.png.jsf?ln=images") no-repeat !important;
    border-style: none !important;

.ui-radiobutton .ui-radiobutton-box {
    width: 18px !important;
    height: 18px !important;

Some words of explanation:
  • All the properties need the !important marker to overrule the values that comes from the theme css file.

  • The background property defines the image that needs to be displayed.  I’m using the JSF resource notation to reference the image.

  • The border style is there to remove the square of the div element.

  • The size is maybe strange at first glance. The original size of the div element is 16 and then you have to add the border size (1 pixel) to it.  The image contains the complete radio button and needs to be 18 pixels wide.

And to my surprise, the default behaviour of PrimeFaces was providing me a dot in the center of the circle when the radio button is selected.

The easiest way to create the image is to take a snapshot of the screen area in a browser that is capable of rendering CSS3 rounded corners.


The solution described above has a one major disadvantage, it isn’t compatible with the theme support.  To formulate it maybe a bit more correct, whenever you change the theme, you have to change the image that is used for the radio button whenever you want the background colour to match with the rest of the colours in the PrimeFaces theme.


Since the PrimeFaces 3 JSF component library uses CSS3 features, the representation on browsers that doesn’t support it, like IE7 and IE8, can be a little bit awkward.  A solution for the squared representation of radio buttons can be found in this text.  I uploaded also a test project on Google code for those that want to play with it.